The definition of invention that the encylopedie gives us much knowledge and insight into the many inventions that were created and how they came to be and who exactly was the one to claim them. While this certainly makes sense, it almost seems rather important that another invention be touched upon during this time of enlightenment. This invention is the invention of man so to speak, and it stems from the creation of something new within a man. Whether this comes from the spirit or the soul is debatable, however there is no denying that there are ways in which men, sometimes knowingly and other times unknowingly, create new mindsets or beliefs that make them who they are but may also make them an entirely new person.
A perfect example of this is Robinson Crusoe, who, by the end of the novel, seems to become a different person in many ways. In the beginning of the novel Crusoe makes the decision not to follow in his father's footsteps and chooses instead to see the world. This is the reason why he ends up shipwrecked and refers to his decision to go against his father's wishes as his "original sin." Before setting out on his adventures Crusoe says "I consulted neither Father or Mother any more, nor so much as sent them word of it, but leaving them to hear of it as they might, without asking God's Blessing, without any Consideration of Circumstances or Consequences and in an ill Hour, God knows." Crusoe begins his adventures without the blessing of God. This means that he is therefore at odds with Providence. After this Crusoe continues to only find a use for God during times of danger and need. In the beginning Crusoe has the tendency to only call upon God in times of danger and forget about being religious when he is safe.
Crusoe's spiritual transformation does not truly seem to begin until he has a dream while sick in which a man comes down from the heavens and admonish him for not yet repenting.Throughout the rest of the novel Crusoe appears to become more spiritual and credits a majority of what happens to him as the doings of God.He is prevented with various moral and spiritual dilemma's and as he considers each one and decides what to do, it consumes an even larger part of his life. This developing spirituality is the catalyst for the invention of a new Robinson Crusoe, as he is not the same man once he returns to civilization. It is uncertain who the credit for the newly invented Crusoe goes to, as it is Crusoe who is the one becoming more spiritual, however it is at the hands of God, or so Crusoe believes. The very basic definition of invention is "everything that is found, invented, or discovered, and is of use or interest in the arts, sciences, or crafts." Crusoe's deeper spirituality is discovered on the island he spends decades on and this new spirituality could be beneficial to the arts, sciences, or crafts depending on how Crusoe chooses to utilize his spirituality after all that he has experienced throughout the novel. In the end it could be said that there is a Robinson Crusoe 2.0, a new Crusoe that views the world in which he lives in an entirely new way. This ties into the argument of the previous wiki page as to whether invention is considered positive progression or whether it has negative repercussions. Crusoe appears to have truly benefited from his transformation, but are there are others who suffered because of it, and is Crusoe now missing out on other aspects of life because of the changes that he has made?
While Crusoe himself may be the one to credit for the new version of himself, another person who may have reinvented themselves is Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, which can be viewed in The Turkish Embassy Letters. The letters are written while Montagu is travelling with her husband and are of a personal nature. While reading through these letters, however, it is apparent that some of the original beliefs that Montagu may have had before her travels have become altered due to what she has seen. The woman who is writing the first few letters within the compilation is not the same as the women who has written the letters that near the end and without a doubt she never is the same again. Montagu has become reinvented, in her ideas and her mindset. The definition states that "We owe inventions to time, pure chance, to luck and unforeseen speculations, mechanical instincts, as well as the patience and resourcefulness of those who work." It is over the time that Montagu travels, the pure chance of her experiences and of meeting certain people while on her travels, as well as the unforeseen speculations that she makes about what she has seen that makes her a newly reinvented woman.